A BRIEF HISTORY OF AVOCADOS
Avocado is estimated to come from Mexico and Central America and plain eaten by indigenous Nahua Peoples.
Pre-Columbian Nahua people first mention the avocado with the name ahuacatl, which can also mean the fruit of the phallus.
The researchers suspect the pre-Columbian Nahua people named so because its shape is similar to men’s body parts,
at the same time, it functions as an aphrodisiac or sexual arousal Enhancer.
According to Nahua Peoples, language researcher Magnus Pharao Hansen, Ph.D., the word ahuacatl itself used in a form of slang,
as Americans use the word “nuts”.
When the people of Spain came, they call it exclusively with aguacate.
When it finally became known in other areas, his name began to slightly change.
The difficulty Americans pronounce it then sell it under the name “avagato” pear and “alligator pear” until finally called the avocado.
Many plants cultivated in South America and Central America as a crop monocultures
Avocado plant as well as in the plant yard in other tropical areas of the world.
There are many reasons to make the avocado as one of our food.
These berries contain fat that is good for health and it feels good to those who love it.
In Europe, the first person to introduce this fruit was Martin Fernandez de Enciso, a member of the army of Spain.
Since that is the fruit of the avocado is best known by many of the world’s population.
Avocado Nutrition Facts
|Serving Size1/3 medium (50g)|
|Amount Per Serving|
|% Daily Value|
|Total Fat 8g||10%|
|Saturated Fat 1g||5%|
|Polyunsaturated Fat 1g||–|
|Monounsaturated Fat 5g||–|
|Dietary fiber 3g||11%|
|(includes 0g added sugars)|
|Vitamin D 0mcg||0%|
|Vitamin C 4mg||4%|
|Vitamin E 1mg||6%|
|Vitamin A 0mcg||0%|
|Vitamin K 11mcg||10%|
|Vitamin B6 0.1mg||6%|
|(0mcg folic acid)|
|Pantothenic Acid 0.7mg||15%|
|The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.|
|* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.|
BENEFITS OF AVOCADO PLANT
Avocado plant parts that are widely utilized is the fruit as food fresh fruit.
Besides exploiting avocado flesh of the fruit are wont to do the European Community is used as a food that is processed into a variety of cuisines.
Another benefit of the flesh of the avocado fruit is the basic ingredient for cosmetics.
Other parts that can be used are the young leaves as traditional medicine (medicine kidney stones, arthritis).
These 10 benefits of eating fruit avocados for our health:
- Benefits for pregnancy. Avocado is a natural source of folate, which is very important for healthy fetal development.
A synthetic version of folic acid is recommended for all women who want to conceive, plan and eat the fruit of the avocado is more simple, tasty and natural.
- Avocados contain good fats. You’ve probably heard that you should avoid avocado because of its high-fat content.
It’s true, avocados contain high fat.
But high-fat in avocados is monounsaturated fat or ‘ good fats ‘,
that will help maintain heart health, and help to lower blood pressure.
Monounsaturated fats found in avocados can also help to reverse insulin resistance that can lead to type 2 diabetes.
- A high source of vitamin E. The avocado is a fruit which contains vitamin E is highest.
Vitamin E is an essential vitamin, which helps to maintain overall health.
Vitamin E also has a positive effect on heart disease, stroke, cancer prevention, and the development of cataracts, and many claimed to have Antiaging properties.
Source of fiber. Avocados contain fiber, both soluble and insoluble fiber.
This means he also helps reduce cholesterol levels by way of preventing absorption by the body,
help maintain bowel function and can prevent blood sugar spikes after meals.
- More healthy and free of residual insecticides currently no avocado crops are genetically engineered.
Avocados have a thick skin so that the core of the fruit is protected from pesticides.
For that reason, avocado can be described as organic fruit.
- Avocado is food for the brain.
Avocado is one of the healthy brain food and the best that can be consumed to help reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s.
Omega 3 and vitamin E that is naturally present in the avocado has been clinically proven capable of stopping Alzheimer’s disease,
might even be able to roll back to a very early stage.
Help for a better absorption of nutrients.
Eat avocado found can increase the number of carotenoids is absorbed from food up to 5 times.
Carotenoids including beta-carotene and is lycopene, which are essential nutrients for better health.
This can happen due to increased nutrients and enzymes in avocados works to reduce inflammation of the stomach and inflammation of the mucous lining of the intestine.
So not only do you get the power of nutrients contained in avocado,
You’ll also get greater benefit from the food you choose to eat Avocados.
- Can help prevent strokes. high in folate content of avocados is also beneficial for reducing the risk of stroke.
People who eat foods containing a high folate has been shown to be less affected by stroke, than just a little bit to eat foods that contain folate.
- Lowering cholesterol. A study has found a decrease in cholesterol levels by as much as 17%, on participants improving eating avocados for a week.
The researchers believe this is due to beta-sitosterol, which previously has been found to help lower cholesterol levels.
- Protect the health of the eyes.
Eat avocado can increase the intake of Lutein, which protects us from macular degeneration and cataract formation.
Further research is still required to determine exactly, what exactly can help protect the health of the eyes of an avocado.
THE COMPLETE PLANT CLASSIFICATION AVOCADOS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Older divisions: the island
The Nation: Ranales
Varieties: Persea Americana Mill
AVOCADO PLANT MORPHOLOGY
Avocado plant rooting system riding, which has a long reach 5-10 meter, even more, hanging with varieties.
Rooting is also widespread at ground level with a length of up to 5 – 6 meter even more.
Rooting is useful for absorbing water media that is in the ground.
An avocado plant has elongated spherical-shaped rods with a length of 5-10 meters, reaching lightly browned.
have a skin hard and hard rod.
The stems of this plant also have branches or twigs that many who supported the plant’s leaves with avocado.
The leaves of this plant are single and symmetrical, which has a stalk with a length of 1-1.5 cm.
Usually, the leaf is located at the end of the twigs, leaf-shaped ovoid or oval which has a thick almost like paper.
The base of the leaf, with the tapered off evenly and also, rolled over.
The surface of the leaf is smooth with a bone like the fins of fish, this leaf width 3-10cm with an average length of 10-20 cm – colored reddish to greenish.
- Interest rate
Avocado flowers including compound interest, which has almost resembled a star and have sex.
This flower is composed of several malai which appear in the underarm leaves or twigs are yellowish and greenish.
Usually in the pollination is helped by wind or animals nearby.
The avocado fruit has a rounded oval shape with a length of 10-20 cm colored greenish or yellowish.
Avocado fruit also has patches of fine colored spots or purplish, tender, when meats have already matured and single white seed round.
Avocado fruit seed is oval or round-shaped eggs with a diameter of 2.5-5 cm and colored vaginal discharge.
Avocado seed breeding is included in hypogeal type, i.e., germination is growing in the soil
TYPE OF PLANT AVOCADO
Based on the ecological properties, the avocado plant consists of 3 types of lineage/race, IE:
1) race Mexico
Derived from the Highlands of Mexico and Ecuador climate is semi-tropical with the altitude of between 2,400-2,800 m.
This race has leaves and fruit that smells of fennel. The flowering period until the fruit can be harvested more or less 6 months.
Small fruits weighing 100-225 grams, shaped oval, short stem, thin and smooth skin. Large seeds fill the fruit cavity.
The flesh of the fruit of the oil/fat content has the highest. This race is resistant to cold temperatures.
2) race Guatemala
Derived from the Highlands of Central America climate is sub-tropical with an altitude of about 800-2,400 m.
This race is less resistant to cold temperatures (tolerance to-4.5 degrees C).
The leaves don’t smell of fennel. The fruit has a large enough size, the weight ranges between 200-2,300 grams of fruit, the skin is thick, hard, fragile and rough.
The fruit is cooked for 9-12 months after flowering.
The seeds are small and relatively closely sticking in the cavity, with a seed attached to the skin. The flesh of the fruit has an oil content of being.
3 West Indies) race
Derived from the lowlands of Central America and tropical South America, with an elevation of under 800 m.
This variety is very sensitive to low temperatures, with a tolerance of up to minus 2 degrees C.
The leaves are odorless fennel leaves, the colors are brighter than the other races with the second.
Large sized fruit weighing between 400-2,300 grams, short stalks, fruit skin slippery clay and somewhat thick.
Fruit ripe 6-9 months after flowering. The seeds are large and often loose inside the cavity, chip the seeds.
The oil content of the fruit flesh and least.