Bukhara Uzbekistan: The Beautiful Ancient City
For almost 70 years to be part of the Soviet Union, the Communist-leaning, Uzbekistan is the country covered. After the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, in mid-2000-an tourism of this country began opening up to the outside world.
There are four famous cities in Uzbekistan, that Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva. All of it is the old town which is already aged hundreds or even thousands of years, and each store the traces of past civilizations are diverse.
From historical records, who first inhabited this land is the Persians nomads who later gave birth to cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand, and Tashkent. Entering the 8th century, the influence of Islam began to enter the region, which is spread by traders from Arabia, Iran, and Turkey.
Uniquely, though the influence of Iran is strong enough, the majority of the population of Uzbekistan embraced a moderate Islam and is not affiliated with any the flow of religion (i.e. Sunni or Shia).
When Mongolia invaded Central Asia at the beginning of the 13th century, the Mongols had conquered the territory of Uzbekistan. Mongolia’s new powers could be demolished after the great revolt led by Amir Temur (Tamerlane or Timur Amir).
Amir Temur was later crowned as the unifying hero Uzbekistan. In the 13th century, Uzbekistan is also an important region that passed the Silk Road from Asia (China) to Europe. In the city of Bukhara, still seen numerous caravanserais or resting places in the former caravan trails that once traversed by silk traders cross country
In the 19th century, Imperial Russia began to invade the territory of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan any flooded by immigrants from Russia. In 1920, the territory of Central Asia is practically controlled by Russia, and after the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Uzbekistan officially became part of the Soviet Union with the name of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic on 27 October 1924.
New on 31 August 1991, Uzbekistan officially separated from the Soviet Union, and a day after, 1 September, established as the independence day of the Republic of Uzbekistan. However, despite his independence, the remnants of Soviet occupation is still strong among the inhabitants of Uzbekistan feels. Although the official language is Uzbek, most residents are still fluent in Russia.
The Communist Government of the Soviet Union that still haunts also seems repressive them. Tourists are still banned from photographing the places where public services such as the airport and the train station.
My tour guides still talk carefully, whispering when requested recounts the history of Uzbekistan, especially at a time when it was under the regime of the Soviet Union.
A small town in Uzbekistan, Central Asia, it is the birthplace of Imam Bukhari (810 M), a scholar and compiler of Hadith collectors (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad) are popular. He died (870 M), in Kartank, a village near the city of Samarkand precisely 60 km east of Bukhara. Always a lot of pilgrims come to the tomb of Imam Bukhari in Kartank Mosque complex.
Now Bukhara – along with the old cities in Uzbekistan, such as Samarkand and Kiva, as well as the capital Tashkent that belongs to modern – are laid out as one of the biggest tourist centers in Central Asia.
The richness of the past history, the following historical relics in the form of castles, towers, museums and beautiful architectural monuments, be a capital attraction and are expected to boost foreign reserves.
Igor Troyanovski, expert of old Soviet Union (1980), stated, the Bukhara can be classified to the ranks of the most ancient city in the eastern region. Full by the legacy of the Arts building, with an average age of 800-1,000 years, yet still preserved intact and still serves as a means of daily activities, good education, trade, and worship.
Kalyan minaret, which is the tallest building, other than to say the Adhaan, as well as watchtowers and lookout. Kalyan minaret from which was built in 1127, there are special halls associated with the mosque Jami Akbar, which can accommodate 10,000 worshipers, built in 1540 by one of the Kings of the dynasty Samaniah.
The mosque to complement the madrassa “Mir Arab”, was built in 1530, which lies at the bottom of the tower. There are thousands of students from all over the world are demanding religious studies and general studies. The madrasah of many astronomical experts generated which then engaged in their respective countries. Madrasa “Mir Arab” is one of the 5,000 madrasahs spread across of Bukhara since the 8th century.
Bukhara Uzbekistan: His Science Warehouse
” Arsenal of knowledge! ” So the great poet Iran, Ali Akbar Dehkhoda dub Bukhara one of the important cities in the history of Islamic civilization. Any poet Jalaludin Rumi in particular flatter Bukhara. ” Bukhara source of knowledge. Oh Bukhara owner’s knowledge, ” said Rumi in his poetry describes his fascination with his birthplace Bukhara row of great scientists and scholars.
Supposedly, the name Bukhara originates from the Mongol language, i.e. ‘ Bukhar ‘ which means ocean science. Important cities in the Islamic trail travel it is located west of Uzbekistan, Central Asia. The area, in the history of Islam known as Wa Wara ‘ an-Nahr or areas that are perched along the river Jihun.
Location of Bukhara is very very strategic, because being on the Silk Road. No wonder, when since formerly Scorpion of Bukhara has been transformed into a center of trade, science, culture, and religion. In a city that’s met merchants from various Nations in West Asia including China. Then since when Bukhara began to be known?
According to Iran, the city’s heroic poem of Bukhara was built by King Kavakhous, son of Shah Siavush one of Shah in Iran that fairy tale comes from the dynasty of Pishdak. Officially, the city that stood there since the year 500 BC in what is now called the Arq. However, Bukhara oasis had been peopled by humans starting in 3000 BC, i.e. during the bronze age.
The region of Bukhara, since 500 BC has been a territory of the Persian Empire. Over time, Bukhara changed hands from one power to other powers, such as Alexander the great, the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, Greco-Bactaian, the Kushan Empire.
During that time, Bukhara became the center of the cult of Anahita. In one round of the regular inhabitants of the Moon, celebrating the ritual worship by replacing the worn idols with idols. Before the Islamic conquest of the region, the inhabitants of Bukhara is the Zoroastrian religion who worship fire.
The life of the inhabitants of Bukhara began to change when the Islamic armies come bring the Da’wah. At the end of the year 672, Ziyad Ibn Abihi commissioned Miqdam Rabi ‘ Ibn Haris sailed from Iraq towards the residents of Khurasan. Miqdam successfully conquered the region up to Eastern Iran. After the death of Ziyad, Mu’aawiyah, the Caliph ordered Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad to conquer Bukhara.
The army of Islam first set foot in the land of Bukhara in 674 CE under the leadership of warlord, Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad. However, the influence of Islam is really starting to dominate the region at 710 CE under the leadership of Kutaiba bin Muslim. A century after the War of Talas, Islam began to take root in Bukhara.
Just in the year 850 ad, Bukhara has been the capital of the Samanid Dynasty. Dynasty brings and revives the language and culture of Iran into the region. When the Samanid Dynasty came to power, over the past 150 years of Bukhara became the center of not only Government but also the trade centers.
Merchants from West Asia and China met in the city. In the city of Bukhara ever-evolving business of making silk, woven fabrics of cotton, carpets, cotton, copper products, and jewelry from gold and silver with a variety of forms. Bukhara any honors celebrities as market housing products from China and West Asia.
In addition, because it is around the river Jihun, land of Bukhara ever known to be very fertile. Any fruit in abundance. The city of Bukhara is famous for fruits such as Barkouk the famous Bukhara nearly a thousand years. Stretching any economy and business grow rapidly. No wonder, if then the name Bukhara was the more popular.
Samanid Dynasty golden era, Bukhara also became a center of the intellectual Islamic world. Then, in the city of Bukhara-madrasah, madrasah popping that teaches Science. Samanid dynasty began to improve the public education system. In every village stand school. Families who saw their child went to system homeschooling or school at home.
A six-year-old son started to get basic education for six years. After that, the kids at Bukhara can continue his studies to the madrasa. Education in madrasah, traveled in three tiers, each for seven years. Overall education in madrasah is a must for 21 years.
Students learn a variety of science, started the science of religion, arithmetic, jurisprudence, logic, music, and poetry. Stretching education in Bukhara that have brought positive influence in the deployment and use of Persian and Uzbek. Not surprisingly, the ability of the inhabitants of Bukhara in writing, master of science as well as the rapidly growing skills. In the land of Bukahara then was born a series of scholars and scientists famous Muslims.
In the year 998 M, Samanid Dynasty ends and power replaced the dynasty of Salajikah. Shortly thereafter, the Khawarizm Dynasty took over. At that time, the status of Bukhara as a center of civilization and development of Islam is still retained. When the reign of Sultan Muhammad Alauddin Government Khawarizm Shah ended, Bukhara as the Science Center began dimming.
In the year 1220 M, warfare between the armies of Sultan Alauddin with the army under the command of Jengiz Khan erupted. Brutal attacks conducted 70 thousand troops Jengiz Khan was muted. Bukhara any fell to the Mongols. With a cruel and sadistic,
Following the formation of the Soviet Union, the Tajiks were part of Uzbekistan are demanding independence. Russia supporting Uzbekistan over the city handed the Tajiks traditionally speak and cultured Iran, i.e. the Bukhara and Samarkand to Uzbekistan