History and Coffee Origin
COFFEE ORIGIN – Coffee is incorporated into the family of the genus Coffea Rubiaceae. Coffee beans are extracted into the drink. But some also eat the leaves by way of brewing like tea leaves.
Before you want to know more about the history of coffee we should start with the origin of the word coffee. Wiliam H. Ukers in explaining in his book All About Coffe (1922).
That the word “coffee” around the century has entered the language of countries in Europe.
The word coffee is adapted from the Arabic “qahwa”. Or, perhaps not directly from the Arabic term but through the Turkish term “kahveh”.In Arabic the word “qahwa” is not meant to mention the name of the plant but refers to the name of the drink.
Experts believe that the word “qahwa” is used to refer to drinks made from seeds brewed with hot water and the seeds in the beverage are known to come from the fruit of the coffee plant produced.
Arabs In the early days had monopolized the trading of coffee beans.
They control the coffee trade through Mocha, which is a port city in Yemen. when that port of Mocha became the only gate to trade coffee beans.
Because of the strategic port of mocha in the coffee trade, to the extent that the Europeans call the coffee with the name Mocha.
In the 17th century, people from the European continent began to develop their own coffee plantations.
Because the weather on the European continent is not suitable for coffee plants, then they cultivate coffee plants in the colony that they have that are scattered in various corners of the earth.
Including One of them is Java Island. Coffee plantations on Java island developed by the Dutch.
coffee from Java had dominated the world coffee market. At that time a cup of coffee more popularly known as “Cup of Java”, literally meaning “cup of Java”.
coffee beans are now mostly the type of arabica coffee plant and robusta.
The remaining small amount is a type of Coffea liberica traded under the name of coffee liberica and coffee excelsa.
Arabica coffee is the first cultivated coffee plant. Arabica coffee comes from the highlands of Ethiopia that the Arabs brought and developed in Yemen.
In the 17th century, Europeans brought it to the islands of Java and Brazil.
Until finally arabica coffee spread to various parts of the world.
Robusta coffee was first discovered in 1898 in Congo by Emil Laurent, a French merchant.
In addition to Congo, this plant is estimated also in the region of Liberia, Sudan, and Uganda. Initially, this plant is referred to as the species Coffea laurentii according to the name of the inventor. based on scientific naming referred to as Coffea canephora var. Robusta.
While liberica coffee was first found in the Liberian region as well as growing in Uganda, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gana, Gabon, Gambia, Mauritania, Nigeria, to Angola.
The scientific name of the liberal coffee is Coffea liberica var. a French botanist named August Chevalier managed to find the type of Coffee excelsa in 1905. this type of coffee.
Originally called Coffea excelsa, it is now classified as one of the liberal varieties with the scientific name Coffea liberica var. dewevrei.
Coffea arabica is known by the name arabica, Coffea canephora is known by the name robusta. As well as Coffea liberica is a type of coffee that At present is cultivated for commercial purposes.
The content of Caffeine in Coffee
Caffeine in Coffee – In small doses, caffeine can also be found in tea and chocolate. Caffeine is a powerful stimulant and has several side effects such as anxiety, anxiety, and insomnia. As an illustration, here we include each caffeine content in coffee
Black 8 oz coffee. (237 mL) 95-200 mg
Instant 8 oz. (237 mL) 27-173 mg
Instant, decaffeinated 8 oz. (237 mL) 2-12 mg
Coffee decaffeinated 8 oz. (237 mL) 2-12 mg
8 oz tea. (237 mL) 14-70 mg
Espresso 1 oz. (30 mL) 47-75 mg
Espresso, decaffeinated 1 oz. (30 mL) 0-15 mg
Latte or Mocha 8 oz. (237 mL) 63-175 mg
While a can of cola-flavored soft drinks contains 54 mg of caffeine and a can of energy drinks contain at least 80 mg of caffeine. While a pack of chocolate bars contains 9-30 mg of caffeine. Consuming caffeine as much as 200-300 mg/day or equivalent to 2-4 cups of coffee/day, is a safe limit that can be tolerated by physically healthy adults.
Excess caffeine consumption of more than 500-600 mg/day, may cause: Gastric disorders, The pulse is faster, Tremor (hand becomes shaking), Insomnia, Restless, Feeling wor.
Caffeine in low amounts can cause side effects. Some people are more sensitive to caffeine, even if just drinking 1-2 cups of coffee or tea can cause unwanted effects such as anxiety or sleep disorders. People who rarely consume caffeine tend to be more sensitive to the negative effects that may be caused. Other factors are weight, age, drugs consumed and certain conditions.
Enjoying a cup of coffee in a different menu variant is an exciting experience you can enjoy in a coffee shop.
Coffee Drinks – What types of coffee drinks do you usually order when you’re at a coffee shop? Cappuccino, Espresso, Americano, or café latte? This type of coffee drink is so familiar in the ear and has been enjoyed by most people. But do you know if there are still many coffee menus that may be an option when you go to the coffee shop. Want to know what kind of drink it is? Here we describe a variety of drinks that will later add to your experience in enjoying coffee with different tastes.
If you love espresso, why not try ristretto occasionally? Ristretto is a drink that is more or less similar to an espresso just using less water. The name ristretto comes from Italian which means “limited”. Ristretto is often referred to as half espresso because the water used is limited and the volume of coffee produced by ristretto is only half of the espresso. Ristretto is more dense, short and sweet. Curious to try?
Maybe you’ve heard of this type of drink. But it needs to be explained that flat white is very different from café latte and cappuccino although using the same raw materials: coffee and milk. Flat white was originally introduced in Australia and New Zealand in 1980 and gradually progressed to the United States. Flat white uses more milk ratios than café lattes and is served almost without foam. The top is a coffee cream and a speck foam. In terms of Flat white flavor is stronger than café latte and softer than the cappuccino.
This Cuban coffee drink can be your choice who likes to drink sweet coffee aka sugar. Cuban people used to enjoy their coffee by preparing sugars first on their espresso cups. They prepare a spoonful of sugar even before coffee is made. After the cup with sugar is basically prepared, then put espresso into it. After that stirring until evenly distributed. Well, a unique way to enjoy an espresso, is not it?
This one drink comes from Spain and from the origin of the word “cortado” means “cut”. Cortado consists of espresso and warm milk. In Italy (or in other countries) cortado is often touted similar to macchiato. The ratio of milk to coffee is 1: 1 or in some places can be 1: 2.
For those of you who want a drink that pumps energy, red eye can be the right choice.
From the name that sounds horrible actually, this one drink consists of espresso mixed with black coffee. Usually more popularly known as coffee with espresso.
In some countries, red-eye has many names such as black eye, a shot in the dark and eye-opener.