KOMODO NATIONAL PARK
Komodo National Park is located on the island of Komodo is an island municipality in the province of Nusa Tenggara.
This Park includes administratively the Komodo subdistrict, Manggarai Regency West, East Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia.
Komodo island is the westernmost province of East Nusa Tenggara province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
The island is located east of Sumbawa Island, separated by the Strait of Sape.
the Komodo National Park area was the original habitat of the Komodo animals which is managed by the Central Government.
On the island of Komodo dragon, Komodo animals live and breed well.
Komodo island is found approximately 1300 tail.
If coupled with other islands, such as the island of Rinca and Gili Motang, and their overall number of approximately 2500 tail.
In the area of the nature reserve of Wae Wuul in mainland Flores Island, there is also about 100 Komodo dragon’s tail, but the region does not include the region of Komodo National Park.
is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites, along with the island of Padar and Rinca, Pulau Gili Motang.
In addition to the Komodo dragon, Komodo National Park is also saving the exoticism of the diverse flora,
There is a wooden Sepang by residents around the National Park are used as medicine and dye clothes,
Nitak or tree sterculia oblongata in believe useful as drugs and savory and tasty seeds such as peas.
About Animals of Komodo
Animals of the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is only found in Indonesia, more specifically is on Komodo island and is a rare beast.
Komodo Reptile species and can grow up to average sized with two to three meters.
This reptile could have an average weight of up to 70 Kg by the locals of this reptile commonly called “ORA”
komodo National Park population is currently estimated to be living 3000 tail.
The Komodo dragon has the ability to see up to a distance of 300 m during the day, but very bad at night.
Rare animals do not have a sense of hearing even though they have ear hole.
Komodo uses his tongue to detect flavor, and for navigation. The tongue of this animal can detect the presence of carcasses as far as 4 to 9.5 km.
This reptile is able to run up to speed 20 km / h, and can swim well, and able to dive to the depth of 4.5 m. In addition, the dragons can also climb trees.
Komodo also has a medium toxicity that causes bitten prey to become weak.
This animal hunts its prey by biting and letting it die slowly.
After that, he will track the whereabouts of the prey which is already helpless using its smell.
Komodo dragons are the top food chain on the island of Komodo so it raises the theory that the body of this lizard can be large because of the process of island gigantism,
Island Gigantism that is raising particular animal body resulting from his small island, as well as the absence of other predators. That’s why the Komodo dragon evolved to become the giant lizards.
Komodo is an animal that likes to be alone. They can only be found together at the time of breeding and at meal times.
Komodo dragons like hot and dry areas, these animals are very active during the day. But there are also some dragons that are active at night.
This reptile belongs to a carnivorous animal species. Birds, deer, wild pigs, goats, buffalo, until the carcass could be their food.
How to Eat Komodo Dragons
Komodo devours small prey, such as birds or chickens will be swallowed directly.
However, if the size of prey as big as a buffalo, dragons will tear it and swallow according to his ability.
Even this Komodo can spend one goat at a time. To swallow a goat, Komodo dragons take 15-20 minutes.
some dragons usually suppress goats that are in their mouths to a tree To speed up the process of ingestion.
The process of ingestion was also helped by a lot of salivae.
Komodo dragon will breathe with a small channel under his tongue when swallowing his prey.
The channel is connected to the lungs. So, Komodo dragons can still breathe when swallowing prey.
Komodo dragon can eat as much as 80 percent of their body weight In one meal.
This Reptile will sunbathe to speed up the process of digestion. Otherwise, the food in his stomach can rot and poison his own body.
Komodo digestion is very slow. So slow, their digestive process can take place within a month.
After digestion is complete, dragons will spew the gastric pellets (the remains of the prey, such as horns, feathers, teeth, to bone).
The way dragons drink is quite unique. They must take the water with their mouths, after which they must lift their heads so that the water they drink can enter their body.
Komodo dragons include cannibals.
Adult Komodo dragons can easily prey on the small ones.
In fact, the adult dragons who lose the battle can also be a food for other dragons. In addition to cannibals, these animals can also attack humans.
conservation status and captive dragons
Komodo dragons include endangered animals and are categorized as prone species in the IUCN red list.
Komodo dragons living in the wild today are estimated to be approximately 4,000-5. 000 heads.
this population is limited to spread among Rinca islands (1. 300 tails), Dali Gili (100), Gili Motang (100), Komodo island (1. 700), and Flores (2,000 chance of tail).
The current problem about the population of dragons is the number of female Komodo dragons that can breed and productive only 350 tail.
For this reason in 1980 the Indonesian government took the decision of the establishment of Komodo National Park as well as make the protection of the population of dragons and their ecosystems.
wae wuul nature reserve and wolo tado on the island of Flores is also designated as a cultural heritage to help the preservation of Komodo dragon