According to the history of its spread, the mango tree originated in India
In the country of India, mangoes have a fairy tale folk that is the origin of the existence of a mango fruit. Fairy folk in this state that India mango is the embodiment of the Deity Prajapati.
Foreigners who first saw the beautiful mango orchards in the Valley of the Indus is Alexander the great in 327 BC, Author of mangoes in India the first possible Huien T’Sang, in 632-45 BC.
Rumphius (1741), a botanist, concluded that a new crop of mangoes grown in the Islands for several centuries.
While in the eastern part of India bordering Burma, mango has planted more than four thousand years, even six thousand years ago. He argued that the mango originated from the India-Burma border areas.
The term is derived from the Tamil mangoes in India: Mankay or mangas. In Botany, a language called mango Mangifera indica l., meaning mango plants originating from India.
In fact almost all over India, there are State plant a mango.
Mango: classification, description, morphology and its benefits for health
Mango Plant Classification:
Subdivisions: the island
Class: Plant Taxonomy
Species: Mangifera laurina
Description and Morphology of Mango Tree
Mango trees are large, can reach a height of 50 m. the root system mango has a taproot, the structure is strong.
Large, woody stems, such as elliptic cylindrical, rough, Brown, the direction perpendicular to the growth.
If the damaged bark will issue the first lymph nodes then the redness and blackened within hours, a resin of turpentine and odorless catty can injure the skin or cause irritation, especially for people who are sensitive.
branching sympodial, high branch, forming dense canopies and leafy branches growing upright, direction (fastigiatus) is a single leaf, the leaf is not complete, consisting of stalk and leaf lamina, does not have a stem of leaves, arranged in a spiral or spiral meeting.
the surface of the leaves of the upper and lower parts of the slick (laevis), on the upper surface, is green on the undersurface of the young, dark green leaves, stalk long, round leaves.
the base of the leaf is blunt (obtuse); end of a tapered leaf (acuminatus); the edges of the leaves are wavy (repandus); the arrangement of the bones of the lateral leaves, bones leaves Penninervis
the leaves are thick and rigid flesh like skin (coriaceus). Interest including borderless compound inflorescence (inflorescentia raacemosa), full flowers, androgynous (boy),
Flower weary in malai (panicula), pyramid-shaped, yellow, reddish, aktinomorf young, amounted to 5; round flower stalk, short oval petals
Benefits Of Mango For Health
Benefits of mango lot that already trust. Even products packaging of drinks or food lots that lists mangos as one of the ingredients to make.
The mango is a tropical plant that has been cultivated in all parts of the world. Vitamin C-rich as well as the benefits we get from Orange, grape and lemon benefits. In addition to other important nutrients, it also can we get from consuming fruit mango.
Mango has been crowned as the most consumed fruit in the world. Some of the benefits that you may get when mango fruit is like consuming including decreased risk of macular degeneration, even bone health benefits for the skin and hair, decreased risk of colon cancer
Nutrition in 1 cup diced mangoes contain
1 gram of protein
0.5 grams of fat
25 grams of carbohydrates (consisting of 23 grams of sugar and 3 grams of fiber)
100% of the daily requirement of vitamin C, 20% to 10% folate, vitamin B-6, 35% 8% vitamin A and vitamin K and potassium, copper, calcium, and iron, as well as antioxidants such as beta-carotene and zeaxanthin.
A number of the content in this mango, giving rich benefits for health and beauty, such as the following:
1. Reduce Diabetes
Mango fruit has a low glycemic index (41-60) so that the amount of consumption is rather a lot, will not increase the sugar levels. Not only the fruit of mango leaves but healthy too.
For people who suffer from diabetes, just boil the mango leaves 5-6 soak all night and drinking the decoction of water after being filtered out in the morning. This herb will help in regulating insulin levels.
2. Prevention of macular degeneration
Zeaxanthin antioxidant substances contained in fruits mangoes that filter out blue light rays, which are expected to play a role in eye health protective and may be used to counteract the damage from macular degeneration.
With a high fruit Intake (3 or more servings a day), has proven to be capable of lowering the risk and progression of age-related macular degeneration.
3. Prevent heart disease
The content of fiber, potassium, and vitamins is the content of the mangoes, all of which could help ward off heart disease.
With an increase in the intake of potassium in conjunction with a decrease in sodium intake is dietary changes that are most important to someone, it will reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease
4. Prevention of cancer
Studies have shown antioxidant compounds found in Mango fruit has been found can protect against colon, breast, leukemia and prostate cancer.
These compounds include substances substance quercetin, astragalin, fisetin substances, isoquercitrin, error and methylgallat acid, as well as the abundant enzymes
5. Healthy Bones
Calcium not only on the benefits of milk that affect bone health, but a low intake of vitamin K is often associated with an increased risk of the occurrence of fractures.
A proper intake of consumption benefits of fruits and vegetables is important for optimal calcium absorption increases including mangoes.
6. Help digestion
Mango has an enzyme that helps destroy the protein and fat content in the food we eat. Then the fiber on the mango helps in digestion naturally, which facilitates the disposal of the rest of the digestive tract.
7. High Iron for women
Mango is rich in iron, making it a natural solution for people suffering from anemia.
In addition, women who are pregnant or menopause very good if consume mango, mango fruit because it can increase the levels of iron and calcium at the same time
8. Keep your cholesterol levels
Delicious mango fruit has a number of benefits that are similar to the benefits of guava, that contains high levels of vitamin C, fiber and pectin will help lower cholesterol levels.
Fresh Mango fruit is a source of a lot of foods contain potassium, which is an important component of cells and fluid in the body that function helps control heart rate and blood pressure
9. Healthy Eyes
The eye is the senses that are important to human beings. One cup of sliced mango supplying vitamin A, 25% of daily intake is required. It is capable of distancing from various diseases of the eye such as nyctalopia, dryness of the eyes and itchy eyes.
10. Prevention of Asthma
Mangoes can affect the risk of developing asthma becomes lower. This also happens in people who consume high amounts of certain nutrients.
One of the nutrients found in fruit mango is beta-carotene, which can also be found in the benefits of papaya fruit, apricots, melons, broccoli, squash, and carrots.
Beauty tips With the benefits of Mango
Soft skin and pretty is every woman’s dream. By consuming the fruit mango we can get the benefits of this fruit, you can take care of the beauty of the skin without having to bother to the salon.
Here are some of his tips:
Addressing the black spots on the face – mango Skin can be used to overcome this problem. Pat dry the skin then made mango powder form.
Mix the powdered leaves of mango with yogurt, then apply on face contained the black stain.
Acne cure – raw Mangoes, cut and boiled. Water the rest of the stew can be used to wash the face.
Skin sunburn – take the mango fruit, then cut into pieces.
Apply pieces of mango skin burned. Apply more cream on it. It only briefly, about 5-15 minutes and wash it clean with cold water.
Moisturize the hair – Mango is also good for the hair because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient that is required for the production of natural sebum to moisturize the hair. Vitamin A is also required for the growth of all body tissues, including the skin and hair.
Potential Health Risks Of Mango Fruit
For people who have a history of latex allergies, may experience will also have cross reactions against mango. Consume too much potassium can be dangerous for people who are having kidney disorders and not functioning well. When the kidneys are not able to excrete the excess potassium from the blood, could be fatal.
However, the benefits of this mango fruit will become more important if done with the diet regularly with a balanced nutrition. Including for the prevention of illness and achieve good health. Better if you consume food with diverse rather than concentrate on one type of food.