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Mesothelioma – Symptoms and causes

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Mesothelioma Cancer

Cancer has become one of the most prevalent diseases of the world these days. The more people who have cancer, making many people also want to know the various types of cancer that may threaten their health, one of which is mesothelioma.

 

As quoted from www.everydayhealth.com, mesothelioma is one of the lung cancer is quite rare, but the most dangerous and deadly that usually occurs in the membrane around the lungs, called the pleura. The main cause of cancer that attacks lung cells called mesothelium is exposure to asbestos dust.

 

Asbestos can take the form of roof boards, minerals, fibers and various processed asbestos products can cause dust and inhaled along with air. Usually this happens in industrial environments, construction sites, carpentry and building materials stores. When asbestos fibers and dust are inhaled into the lungs, then the dust will stop inside the lungs.

 

If you continue to inhale asbestos dust, then the dust will gather and settle in the lungs. This is the cause of cancer and the risk will increase if you are an active smoker or have a family history of cancer patients.

 

Cancer will be very lethal because the average survival time for malignant mesothelioma or mesothelioma cancer ranges from 4 to 18 months, and about 10 percent of patients live at least five years after being diagnosed.

 

So if you are one who works in the field of asbestos industry, or having direct contact with asbestos quite often, then it is worth checking before mesothelioma attacks yes.

Pathology

mesothelioma develops in the pleura or lung membrane, and develops in tissue interconnecting tumors that have no clear boundaries.

The size and amount of such tumor tissue is usually large. Determination of the stage for this cancer also, ie stage 1-3, when the cancer mass begins at one point and then spreads to the nearest lymph nodes. However, specifically the following staging methods in mesothelioma:

 

Stage IA: Cancer is found in one part of the chest within the chest wall. Cancer has not spread into the lungs.

IB Stage: The cancer is inside the chest wall on one side and on the other wall covering the lungs.

Stage II: The cancer has metastasized, until it reaches the upper esophagus.

Stage III: The cancer spreads further into the diaphragm, until it reaches the abdomen and lymph glands outside the chest.

Stage IV: Cancer is found in blood circulation and has spread to other organs.

Mesothelioma Cancer Treatment

There are several steps of mesothelioma treatment that may be recommended by a doctor. The selected treatment plan will depend on the condition of the disease, the stage of the cancer, and the general health of the patient. However, considering mesothelioma is a cancer that can not be cured and generally new can be detected at an advanced stage, then the treatment step is more aimed at reducing the symptoms felt by the patient.

While there are several treatment options for pleural and abdominal mesothelioma, another case with pericardial and tunica vaginalis mesothelioma has not been treated because it is considered more rare. However, the cancer that is still at an early stage can be removed through surgery or the patient can still through other treatments to reduce the symptoms.

 

Here are some common Mesothelioma Cancer treatment steps:

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug used to shrink or inhibit cancer growth. This drug can spread to all parts of the body and can be used before surgery or after surgery. In the case of peritoneal mesothelioma, the drug can be heated and given directly into the abdominal cavity in order not to injure healthy tissue in other body parts. This allows the doses of chemotherapy drugs to be given in high doses.

 

Chemotherapy given before undergoing surgical procedures can facilitate surgery because cancer cells have been minimized before they are removed. Chemotherapy given after surgery will reduce the risk of cancer reappearing.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy may be performed after surgical procedures to eradicate leftover cancer cells or reduce symptoms of advanced cancer when surgery is not possible. In its application, this therapy uses high-energy jets, such as X-rays and proton light, which are focused on specific body areas.

 

Surgery

 

Surgery is done to remove the cancer that is generally still in the early stages of disease progression, although in some cases still can not successfully remove cancer cells completely. Surgery can also be done to reduce the symptoms of advanced cancer that has spread to other body parts in order to reduce symptoms suffered. Here are some commonly performed surgery options and their use for mesothelioma sufferers.

 

Operating procedure to remove as much as possible cancer cells that can be removed from the patient’s body. This procedure allows doctors to continue treatment with radiotherapy to reduce pain and prevent excessive fluid accumulation due to mesothelioma.

Operating procedures to reduce fluid buildup in the chest area that may interfere with breathing. The surgery is done by inserting a catheter tube into the chest to suck fluid. Doctors can also inject drugs to prevent recurrence of fluid buildup, also known as pleurodesis procedures.

Surgical removal of tissue around the abdominal cavity, ribs, or lungs that have been exposed to cancer cells to help reduce the symptoms and signs of mesothelioma.

Surgical removal of affected lung portions following adjacent tissues to relieve symptoms in pleural mesothelioma patients. This procedure is usually followed by high-dose radiotherapy.

Multimodality therapy

This therapy is a combination of three or more treatment steps, such as surgery, postoperative chemotherapy (adjuvant chemotherapy), and radiation therapy to enlarge the success rate of treatment.

 

Alternative medicine for Mesothelioma Cancer

 

Alternative treatment has not been clinically proven to treat mesothelioma, but some of these treatments have shown good development in mesothelioma patients. Here are related healing techniques.

 

Respiratory exercises to control breathing when the patient begins to feel breathless.

Relaxation exercises of the body, especially the respiratory muscles, can also make it easier for people to breathe lightly.

Sitting close to the fan facing the face can reduce the sensation of difficulty breathing felt by the sufferer.

Acupuncture.

Discuss alternative treatment steps that you choose with your doctor before you start using it.

Complementary or other supplementary treatment may be recommended by a physician to reduce mesothelioma symptoms. Additional treatments, such as oxygen or certain medications, may help the patient breathe more comfortably considering mesothelioma can cause pressure in the chest that may interfere with breathing.

Clinical trials

 

Some clinical trials are generally available and informed to cancer survivors, but the possibility of cure remains uncertain so it is important to consider carefully. Talk to your doctor about existing clinical trials and if appropriate for the condition of the patient. On the other hand, following a clinical trial will increase the chance for doctors to find treatment against mesothelioma.

 

Here are some of the clinical trials that are being studied for Mesothelioma Cancer conditions:

 

Biological therapy – using the patient’s immune system to fight cancer, also called immunotherapy.

Gene therapy – alters the genes present in cancer cells to stop the disease.

Therapy uses drugs to attack abnormalities / abnormalities that occur in cancer cells.

Complications of Mesothelioma Cancer

Here are the complications of pleural mesothelioma that have spread to the chest and caused structural stress on the infected area.

Pain in the chest area.

Pain caused by pressure on the nerves and spinal cord.

Hard to breathe.

Hard to swallow

The accumulation of fluid in the chest that suppresses the lungs and complicate the process of breathing

Mesothelioma Prevention

The main precaution of mesothelioma is by reducing contact with everything related to asbestos, a major cause of the development of mesothelioma. People who work or are often exposed to asbestos are high-risk groups, such as miners, factory workers, manufacturers / makers of insulation devices, construction workers, and mechanics.

If you are part of any of the above risk groups then you are required to comply with the safety rules set by the company. Sometimes it is better to leave asbestos in place than to attempt to remove it without the help of experts, although both of these are at risk of health hazards. Find out, learn, and follow instructions on safe asbestos handling in your neighborhood.

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