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The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Assets are priceless


The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Assets are priceless

Ngorongoro Conservation AreaNgorongoro Conservation Area located in Tanzania Province Covering three areas namely spectacular volcanic crater, Olduvai Gorge, expanses of grassland, vast forests and shrubs.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is one of the mainstays of the tourism industry in Tanzania with an area of approximately 8,300 square kilometers.

NCA became Man and Biosphere Reserve in 1971 and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.

The NCA region can be an example of where humans and wildlife co-exist harmoniously.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Originally part of the Serengeti National Park founded by the British in 1951,

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) in 1959 broke away from the Serengeti.

this Conservation Area is used to provide protection status for wildlife while allowing human habitation.

Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the NCA is where humans, cattle, and wildlife live in peace:

Livestock from the inhabitants of the Maasai tribe can sometimes be seen grazing along the grasslands of Ngorongoro.

In addition to preserving the world heritage, Ngorongoro conservation area plays a major role in national development.

Because Ngorongoro contributed 30 percent tax on corporate taxes, 3 percent tourism tax, and sent 10 percent of revenue to cash.

According to Bernard Murunya, Chief Conservator of the NCAA,

he said “We also awarded more than the US $ 125,000 to the local District Council and supported the Pastoralist Council in the area,

in addition to funding various community projects such as schools, hospital veterinary services, and road construction, “he added.

Ngorongoro Conservation AreaWildlife and land in the NCCA region have been the site of UNESCO since 1979 and now its cultural heritage must be preserved.

The NCA is the only site in the world with high concentrations of wildlife that is in harmony with the human community.

Some land use systems in this region are the earliest examples around the world as a means to reconcile human development and conserve natural resources.

The NCA also contains many paleontological, archaeological, and anthropological sites of exceptional quality.

If only it did not become the sixth largest caldera in the world, Ngorongoro crater could have become a towering volcanic mountain, as tall as Kilimanjaro.

The Crater is a Mainstay Tourist Feature For The Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

Ngorongoro Conservation Areaformed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed about three million years ago into a large, unbroken caldera, and not flooded,

Ngorongoro Crater has a depth of 610 meters, with an area of 260 square kilometers.

With such a width it is estimated that the original volcano’s heights must range from 4,500 to 5,800 meters.

In addition to the main caldera, Ngorongoro also has two other volcanic craters: the famous Olmoti and Empakai with its stunning waterfalls.

On the highlands of Ngorongoro stands the Oldonyo Lengai mountain, an active volcano and the third highest peak in Tanzania after Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru.

Mount Oldonyo Lengai is known by locals as Mount Lord, the last major eruption of Mount Lengai occurred in 2007.

At the foot of the mountain, there is a lake called Lake Natron a beautiful place and became the center of the main breeding ground for East Africa flamingo.

Flora and Fauna: Wildlife

NgorongoroThis Ngorongoro Conservation Area contains more than 25,000 large animals including 26 black rhinoceros.

There are 7000 reindeer, 4,000 zebras, 3,000 eagles and 3,000 deer Grant and Thomson.

The area also has the most known lion population, amounting to 62.

Higher, in the rainforest area on the edge of the crater, there is a leopard and a large elephant of about 30 tails. and more than 4,000 buffalo,

In this region found hyenas, wolves, rare wild dogs, cheetahs, and other cats.

The legendary wildebeest and zebra migration pathway also passes through Ngorongoro,

when the 1.7 million wildebeest move south into the area in December then move out towards the north in June.

The massive migration of these wild beasts comprises 1.7 million wildebeest, 260,000 zebras, and 470,000 deer. While in the Lake Ndutu region has a lot of cheetah and lion populations.

More than 500 species of birds have been recorded in the NCA. These include ostriches, white pelicans, and larger and smaller flamingos at Lake Magadi inside the crater,

Lake Ndutu, and at Crater Lake Empakaai, where a vast bird population can be observed.

Ngorongoro area can also be found green vegetation that thrives because of rainwater.

This area has colored lowland vegetation, arid and semi-arid plant communities, abundant meadows that can be used to graze livestock, and upland forests.

green pastures, high open roses, and lush pine forest remain covering the steep slopes of the crater,

while highland trees include Silver Flowers, Yellow Wood, Kousso (Hagenia abyssinica), and Sweet Olive can also be found.

There is also a pure bamboo stretch on Mount Oldeani and Cedar Pencil on Mount Makarut to the west.

The pigeons dominate the lower slopes, while the highland forests contain Red Thorn Acacia and Gum Acacia which are important to protect the watersheds.

The Crater Basin is filled with short grass beds with freshwater lakes, swamps, and two patches of Acacia forest.

The Lerai Forest is the site of the Acacia tree, while the Laiyanai Forest has a Wood Pillar and Acacia Breath.

The undulating plains to the west were covered with grass with Acacia trees and Commiphora Africana.

Blackthorn Acacia and Zebrawood are found in Lake Eyasi.

These vast grasslands and shrubs are relatively untouched by humans and support a huge population of animals.

While at the far end of the NCA stand archaeological site Olduvai Gorge,

In Olduvai where the remains of Zinjanthropus, the first man in the world, were discovered by Dr. Louis and Mary Leakey more than 50 years ago.

The earliest specimens of the human genus, Homo-habilis, as well as early hominids such as Paranthropus boisei were also found there.

The Olduvai Gorge is a steep cliff in the Great Rift Valley, stretching along eastern Africa.

Olduvai is a long windy approximately 30 miles, located in the shadow area of the Ngorongoro highlands.

Hotels and accommodation

Ngorongoro Conservation AreaNgorongoro Conservation AreaThis area has some of the best hotels and inns in Tanzania, such as the classic Ngorongoro Crater Lodge, built in 1939,

The classic Ngorongoro Crater Lodge is now operated by And Beyond group in South Africa, along with Ngorongoro Rhino Lodge, built in 1942, Ndutu Lodge, built in 1946, and Ngorongoro Wildlife Lodge, dating from 1971.

Newer places include Ngorongoro Sopa Lodge and Ngorongoro Serena Lodge, built in the mid-1990s.

All six facilities, all located along the edge of the crater, have a total bed capacity of 560. NCAA also has 16 camping areas.

Three more companies, Whitesands, Kibo Safaris, and Coastal travel intend to establish other facilities within the NCA; the new entry will increase the bed capacity to 1,000.

Famous visitors

Around 450,000 tourists visit Ngorongoro every year, accounting for 60 percent of the average 770,000 tourists visiting Tanzania per year.

Notable visitors include former US President Bill Clinton, Queen of Denmark Margrethe II, former American actor Rev. Jesse Jackson,

Hollywood movie stars Chris Tucker, John Wayne, Prince William, and all the delegates who attended the 2008 Leon Sullivan Summit taking place in Arusha.

Several scenes from Oscar winners Out of Africa and Hatari John Wayne were filmed in Ngorongoro.

In addition to the above-mentioned attractions, visitors can also taste cultural or ecotourism tours at various bases of Maasai and settlements.

Gibbs Farm, located near Karatu along the NCA perimeter, specializes in this.

There is also an expedition of the Enduro River nature trails, conducted within the Northern Highland Forest Reserve, where visitors can see elephant caves, waterfalls (150 meters tall),

enjoy bird watching and learn about local flora.

How to get here


One needs to fly to Kilimanjaro International Airport in Moshi, located at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro.

From there one can get charter flights, take a taxi or use the free shuttle service. The distance from Moshi to Arusha is about 55km.


The road from Arusha to Lodoare Entrance is 160 km. Until recently, the whole trip was on the asphalt and took about two hours.

If you are not on the main road, the pebbled, 4×4-sized vehicle is essential when entering the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Serengeti National Park.

There are luxury lodges inside and outside the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. The names and contacts of the lodges are:


Reservation: Click to book online (discount)

PO Box 280, Karatu


Reservation: Click to book online

PO Box 129 Karatu


Reservation: Click to book online

PO Box 277 Karatu


Reservation: Click to book online

PO Box 15 Karatu

Ngorongoro Rhino Lodge

Box 776, Arusha

Tel: (255.27) 2503339 or 2504619, Fax: (255.27) 2503339

Ngorongoro Serena Safari Lodge

Box 2551, Arusha

Tel: (255.27) 2537050 or 2537052, Fax: (255.27) 2537056


Box 1823, Arusha

Tel: (255.27) 2537032/3, Fax: (255.27) 2537033
PO Box 877 Arusha
Tel: 255 27 2537058, Fax: 255 27 2537073
Box 6084, Arusha
Tel: (255. 27) 2506702 or 2508930, Fax (255.27) 2508310
PO Box 751 Arusha
PO Box 12 Karatu, PO Box 1187 Arusha
PO Box 15234 Arusha
Tel: +255 44 360908
Email: Eunoto@maasaivillage.com
Web: www.maasaivillage.com
PO Box 342 Arusha
Tel: +255 27 253 4083, HP 0754 327142
Email: bougainvillea@habari.co.tz
Web: www.bougainvillealodge.com

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