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Pandanus Conoideus (Red Fruit)Health Benefits

What Is A Pandanus Conoideus (Red Fruit Papua)

Red Fruit Papua (Pandanus Conoideus Lamk) have been consumed by the people of Papua as food every day and as a traditional medicine.
Pandanaceae is a tribe of plants that shaped Bush shrubs or trees with large stems grow erect.
This type of plant is the top 3 major clan i.e. the Pandanus, Freycinetia, and Sararanga. Freycinetia and Sararanga it is estimated that 200 species that spread in tropical regions, on the banks of the river and the beach but not in America,


The Spread Of Red Fruits

Red Fruit is estimated to originate from Samoaraine Islands, Papua New Guinea (PNG), with Marita,
While in Papua Indonesia generally refer to as the “red fruit” because of the fruit red.
But for the region of Jayawijaya mountains inland calls with the name “Tawi”, while on the island of Halmahera the mention “Sihu” and in Seram island called “Sahu”
Both islands are of red fruit can grow wild in the forest or shrub cultivated by indigenous communities.
the spread of red fruit crops occurs due to the help of burungCendrewasih.
These birds can eat the seeds of red fruit then soft sand from one area to another area and discard the seeds in the form of stool.


In New Guinea, red fruit spread almost evenly either from the lowlands to the Highlands of the Jayawijaya mountains.

In the lowlands as Jayapura and Merauke also found some red fruit crops, but its population slightly, compared with the plains of Jayawijaya mountains that became a Center for the production of red fruit oil industry at this time.
There are 19 kinds of which pandanus already exploited by the people who live in the Highlands of Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea, and Ambon fruit is used as a food ingredient
Communities living in rural areas especially near the Jayawijaya mountains have muscular posture, stamina is strong and resistant to disease.
They believe it is the effect of red fruit. The active compounds of red fruit that is most abundant carotenoids.
Carotenoids are natural pigments yellow, orange to red has the ability as an antioxidant and provitamin A to prevent many diseases.
These endemic plants grow in the environment of the plateau with an elevation of 2,300 as in the Baliem valley, Wamena, Jayapura, the Arfak mountains, and stars.
Communities typically presented it at the time of festivities and also partly made him medicine for various diseases.
pandanus conoideus benefitsThey rework the red fruit into powder and capsule and then pack it into a medicine package and sell it to the general public.
Nevertheless, the main potential of this red fruit was traditionally used for the source of vegetable oil or oil carotenoids other than Palm oil.
This red fruit contains a fairly high-fat IE 35% per dried weight of fatty acid content so that it is almost the same as cooking oil in General.
There are several benefits contained in this red fruit making it identified by countries in the world.

Red Fruit Plant Description.

In plant taxonomy, The Red Fruit is Classified as follows:

Kingdom: Plant

Division: Spermatophyta

Class: The Island

Subclass: Monocotyledonae

Order: Pandanales

Family: Pandanaceae

Genus: Pandanus

Species: Pandanus Conoideus 

Morphology of Red Fruit of Papua

pandanus conoideus benefitsThe red fruit cultivars are distinguished by the size of the fruit, the color of the fruit, and the shape of the fruit.

Known cultivars include short red cultivars, brown red, medium red, long red, long yellow, and short yellow.

Generally plants up to 10 years old, fruitful at age 3-5 years, and the age of fruit until harvest 3-4 months.

The plants grow in clusters with a density of 12-30 individuals each clump.

Red fruit plants have roots good 0.203.50 m, circumference 6-20 cm, the root is brown with white patches, spherical shape, and thorny surface.

The number of roots in a single clump ranges from 11-97. The main stem circumference ranges from 20-40 cm, plant height 2-3,50 m.

Stems are brown with white patches, round, vascular files are not visible, hard, vertical or upright direction, 2-4 branching numbers, and shiny surfaces.

Leaves measuring 96 cm x 9.30 cm to 323 cm x 15 cm. The tip of the leaves is puncture (mucronate), base cut off, leaf edge and the bottom of the spiny leaf bone.

The composition of a single leaf with an alternating arrangement of leaves.

Leaf bending, dark green, leaf repeating pattern parallel, no stalk (sessile), and not flavorful.

The flower resembles a jackfruit flower with a reddish color. Fruit size 68- 110 cm long, diameter 10-15 cm, cylindrical shape, ends collect, and the base of the heart.

While still young, pale, red fruit and turn red when old bricks. There are three types of red fruit, red fruit, namely Mbarugum, Maler, and Magari.

Some Criteria of Superior Red Fruit, namely:

1) number of rounds/5-10 fruit groves,

2) fruit size (diameter of 10-15 cm) and long (60-110 cm)

3) results of sari (oil) is high, an average of 120 ml/kg of fruit,

4) number of saplings of many, namely 5-10 puppies/clump, and

5) number of roots of good plenty, namely 11-97 root/clump, so able to supply more nutrients, absorb oxygen from the air, and strengthen the plants stand upright

Habitat and distribution

Red fruit plants found in the region of Papua, Papua New Guinea. sporadic and generally start to grown in some areas such as Maluku, Sulawesi,

Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java, this plant can be grown in the lowlands up to an altitude of 2,500 m above sea level

with low soil fertility, acid to somewhat acidic (pH 4.305.30), with 0-15% shade, and grows in groups around the flow of the river. 

5. Chemical Content

Chemical content (per 100 g of oilof red fruit oils that are widely utilized by the public is as follows

Lipid 94.2 g
19.7% Palmitic acid
64.9% oleic acid
8.6% linoleic acid
carbohydrates 5.1 g
a- Carotene 130 µg
β -carotene 1.980 µg
β -cryptoxanthin 1.460 µg
Vit E (a-tocopherol) 21,2 mg

sodium 3 mg


pandanus conoideus oilAfter that, what are the benefits of this red fruit for the health of our body? The following list the three properties of red fruit that is useful to the health of the human body.


Red fruit can also be utilized so the medicine to cure the disease of cancer and tumor diseases.
This caused the element of tocopherol and beta-carotene is very high in pandanus Conoideus can be used as antioxidants to the body.
The content of tocopherols and beta-carotene this later will raise the immune system so that it could later prevent also inhibits the cancer cell spreads light.
But, in addition to drinking fruit, it is necessary to other things such as chemotherapy or surgery for patients who have been exposed to the disease and cancer tumors in advanced stages.


Red Fruit is also often made by people to cure disease HIV/AIDS. And it was proven by the number of people looking for Papua, particularly red fruit juice/fruit oil is a proven can reduce pain caused the HIV virus.
However, in addition to drinking cider pandanus Conoideus the people living with HIV/AIDS should still be taking ARVS (Anti Retro Viral) so that the immune system of her body could ever more awake.


The benefits of the third of pandanus Conoideus is to treat the disease of gout.
So, the disease of gout can rise because there are disturbances in the function of the liver organs work in a production of uric acid in excess.
Because there is too many gout (excess) makes this uric acid accumulate/gathering and settles in the joints area.
That makes the parts joints to people who have gout will feel pain.
Then with red juice, consuming the substance tocopherol can help to thin the blood and improve the functions and working of the heart.
So the production of uric acid can be normal again.

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