Who is not familiar with tomato plants? Surely this type of vegetables that are familiar to us.
In our everyday life, we’ve often tomato consumption, whether it’s raw or already in the sport of food and drinks (juice, fruit soup).
On the other hand, the kind of vegetables indeed has nutrient content required by the human body.
By looking at the needs of human beings will tomatoes, of course, this is a promising business opportunity.
But before we discuss ways of cultivating tomatoes, it would be nice to know we are even closer.
The Latin names solanum Lycopersicon Lycopersicum esculentum or l. miller is a type of fruit vegetables already often in consumption by humans.
Tomato plants including shrubs with a height of approximately 1-3 meters. It was said of this plant comes from the Highlands of the western coast of South America.
According to Andrew f. Smith in “The Tomato In America” this plant was taken by Spain which at that time ruled over South America.
They spread the tomatoes to their colonies in the Caribbean. Spain also then also brought tomatoes to the Philippines, which became a milestone in the spread to other areas in the entire Asian continent. Spain also brings tomatoes to Europe.
Tomato plants can be easily grown the temperate Mediterranean region.
Scientific Classification of Tomato
Tomato plants were common shrubs in the family Solanaceae (family Solanaceae). Although the Tomato Plants look different, is the close family of potatoes. Here is the scientific classification of tomatoes:
Kingdom: Plantae (plants)
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plants)
The Super: Spermatophyta (seeds)
Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)
Class: Plant Taxonomy
Family: Solanaceae (family Solanaceae)
Species: Solanum Lycopersicon
Synonyms: Lycopersicon lycopersicum,
Type the type of tomato plants such as fruits and other vegetables, tomatoes also have many types.
Here are a few types of tomato plants
1 Plum tomato.
Plum tomato is a tomato fruit shaped like plums. I.e. round oblong, fleshy thick, contain a lot of water, and thin-skinned.
Tomatoes have pruned a rather sour taste. In some places known as Potpourri.
Plum tomato commonly used in a variety of dishes that require fresh flavors such as chili shrimp paste, Saute, soup, and made drinks like tomato juice or tomato Rojak.
2. Grape tomato
Grape tomatoes had the form similar to grapes.
Tomato grape tomato is a kind of the least among others. Grape tomatoes have a sweet, slightly rounded shape with meat that is not thick and water content that is not too much.
Because its like wine and the taste is sweet, tomatoes are often consumed or used as one of the ingredients in a fruit salad.
3. Cherry tomato
The tomatoes it is almost similar to a plum tomato, but have a sweeter flavor.
This small bit of tomato shape tapering sweet taste and contain a lot of water.
When young it is colored pale green tomatoes and when cooked its color becomes orange a bit red.
Because it has the form of a beautiful tomato, tomato wine just as much as it is also commonly used as a supplement to salads, or eaten in a State of garnishing.
4. Tomato plants Pears
These tomatoes indeed have very similar to pears fruit just in size much smaller.
Pear tomatoes taste sweet and variegated color, i.e. red orange and yellow.
Pear tomatoes usually in the consumption of salad or as a complement to decorate food.
5. Beef tomato plant/BeefSteak
These types of tomatoes have a shape the most when compared to other types.
In addition to great shape meat fruit also thick, the seeds are not too large and the levels of water very little. So if in the iris does not become wet and juicy.
Taste these beef tomatoes is a bit surly and is suitable as a vegetable and garnishing on a sandwich or a hamburger.
But sometimes the tomato was also added in various types of soup, stir-fry, or other types of cuisine.
Tomato Benefits To Health, Including The Views Of His Nutritional Content.
Tomatoes are known to contain a type of powerful antioxidants called Lycopene in large quantities, the substance that makes the color red on this fruit.
Not only that, the tomato fruit has also been proven to contain a compound called alpha lipoic acid, a useful help control glucose in the blood, increasing the vasodilatory and protects against retinopathy in diabetes patients, even can help protect a brain and nerve tissue.
Compounds are nutrients that are also found in tomatoes including Kolin, constitute important nutrients that help sleep, muscle motion function, learning, and memory functions.
Kolin also helps to maintain the structure of cell membranes, nerve, impulse transmission help helps the absorption of fat, and reduce chronic inflammation.
A couple of the amazing benefits of routine eating tomatoes for health Consume all types of fruits and vegetables, including tomatoes, are very beneficial for health.
Including reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer. Fruit and vegetables were also associated with healthy skin and hair, increase energy, and a healthy body weight.
Overall, increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables significantly reduces the risk of obesity even early death.
Here are some important benefits of eating tomatoes for us:
- Lower your risk of cancer:
Because tomatoes contain powerful antioxidants such as vitamin C and lycopene, eating tomatoes often helps prevent the formation of free radicals that are known to cause cancer, including the most common types of prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer (colon cancer).
Lycopene in tomatoes is associated lowered risk of prostate cancer, while high beta-carotene in tomatoes is associated with the prevention of colorectal cancer
- Normalize blood pressure:
Reducing sodium intake is very important for lowering blood pressure for patients with hypertension, however, increase your intake of potassium may also be equally important because of its vasodilatory effects.
According to the literature, a high potassium intake was associated with a decreased risk of death from all causes by up to 20%. In this case, tomatoes are also a high potassium content.
Fiber, potassium, vitamin C, and, Kolin is a compound found in a number of fairly well on tomatoes, and it’s all very necessary to support heart health.
An increased intake of potassium is accompanied by lowering sodium intake is dietary changes that are most important to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
A high potassium intake is also associated with a decreased risk of stroke, prevents loss of muscle mass, maintaining the bone mineral density, as well as lowering the formation of kidney stones.
- Benefits Tomato For diabetes
Studies have shown that diabetics with type a diet high in fiber have a low blood glucose levels, and on type 2 diabetes may benefit blood sugar levels, lipids, and insulin levels.
A cup of tomato provides about 2 grams of fiber.
- Rejuvenates skin
The presence of Collagen (a substance supporting skin), its existence relies heavily on vitamin c.
This is because vitamin C is an essential nutrient that works in the body as an antioxidant,
which is useful for preventing skin damage due to the heat of the Sun, pollution, wrinkles, and improve overall skin texture.
- Prevent constipation.
Constipation is a condition of agonizing, and if happen often it could even increase the risk of bowel cancer.
Eat foods that are high in water content and fiber as well as tomato could help to hydrated and launch a chapter.
Fiber is very important to minimize the incidence of constipation and stool without removing the entire left.
- Benefits for pregnancy.
Tomatoes contain folate, where nutrients are called folate is very especially for pregnant women.
It is useful to protect the fetus from the risk of neural tube defects.
In addition to essential for a fetus, folic acid in tomatoes also can help relieve depression in a way to prevent excess formation of homocysteine in the body.
An excess of this hormone can inhibit blood and nutrients to reach the brain.
Excess homocysteine will also interfere with the production of the hormone serotonin,
dopamine that is happy, and norepinephrine, which regulates mood, sleep, and appetite as well.
However, it should be remembered that the Tomato is a fruit including most receiving insecticides, so if less well clean it can be bad if it is consumed in the long term.
For people suffering from gastritis or stomach disorders, recommended avoiding tomatoes because it tastes acid could be aggravating the symptoms.
People with abnormal kidney function, as well as people who take medication beta blocker (common prescription drugs for heart pain),
should not be excessive potassium – ask your doctor.
But for healthy people, routinely consume a variety of fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes will bring many benefits to better health.