Description Of The Starfruit Tree
This starfruit tree has compound leaves that can reach 50 cm long, pink flowers that generally appear at the end of the limb.
This tree is branched up and can grow up to 5 meters.
Not like other tropical plants. starfruit does not require much sun.
The spread of starfruit tree is very wide because the seed is spread by bees.
Description of Fruit
Starfruit yellowish green. When newly grown, the fruit is green.
If cut, this fruit has a star-shaped cross section. Small seeds and brown.
This fruit is crunchy when eaten, it tastes sweet and slightly sour. This fruit contains many vitamin C.
Star Fruit Tree Classification
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plant)
Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Produce seeds)
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (double-dikotil)
Family: Oxalidaceae (tribe starfruit – coffin)
Species: Averrhoa carambola L.
Star Fruit Plant Morphology
- Roots (Radix)
The roots of the Starfruit plant are branched, long cone-shaped, grow straight down the ground, and have no stipules.
This root is rooted from the root, root tip, root stem, root branch, root fiber, root feather and root hood.
Root strong plants so that it can penetrate the surface of the ground up.
Rooting of this plant is used to support plants and also absorb substances or elements of water in the soil.
- Stem (caulis)
Starfruit plant stems strong, rough and too Woody, the stem has a spherical shape with a length of 10 meters even more, with growing upright leading upwards.
The trunk of this plant is also equipped with many branching, so can be said of this plant as shady plants.
- Leaf (Folium)
The leaves of a single starfruit plant with oval round shape elongated, greenish-colored to old.
Leaves of this star fruit have a flat surface, the short stem has a repeating or vein inside the leaf.
This leaves can be utilized for a variety of plant food reserves.
Flower Starfruit plant is a compound, with a double sex contained in short stamens, and long pistils.
This starfruit grows in the armpits of old leaves or stems, with an attached crown.
Pollination of this flower is assisted by the wind and animals around the star fruit plants.
Starfruit is shaped display with a form almost like a star when viewed from the top and bottom, this fruit is greenish color if young and yellowish if old.
This fruit has a thick meat, soft, and has a sour taste and there is also a sweet. Usually, this fruit is about 4-13 cm in size.
Starfruit seeds are flat, light brown color consisting of two layers of soft and soft inner layer and the outer layer is very strong.
In addition, the seed is coated with liquid or fiber that is in the starfruit with white color.
The Content Of Star Fruit Nutrients
Table nutrients star fruit (Averrhoa carambola), raw fresh. Nutritional value per 100 g.
|Calories 31 Kcal 1.5%
Carbohydrates 6.73 g 5%
Protein 1.04 g 2%
Fat 0.33 g 1%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
2.80 g fiber 7%
Vitamin Folate 12 μg 3%
Niacin 0.367 mg 2.25%
Pyridoxine 0.017 mg 1.5%
Riboflavin 0.016 mg 1.25%
Thiamin 0.014 mg 1%
|Vitamin A 61 IU 2%
Vitamin C 34.4 mg 57%
Electrolytes Sodium 2 mg 0%
Potassium 133 mg 3%
Mineral Calcium 3 mg 0.3%
Iron 0.08 mg 1%
Magnesium 10 mg 2%
Phosphorus 12 mg 2%
Zinc 0.12 mg 1%
Vitamin E 0.15 mg 1%
Vitamin K 0 μg 0%
Benefits of Starfruit
Starfruit is one of the exotic fruits that are rich in benefits
About 100 grams of star fruit, provides 31 calories much lower than for other popular tropical fruits.
In addition, a number of essential nutrients, antioxidants, and vitamins contain a number of benefits to starfruit for health, such as the following:
- Healthful Digestion
star fruit leather, along with providing a supply of dietary fiber.
Fiber helps prevent the absorption of LDL cholesterol on food in the intestine.Fiber will also help protect the mucous membranes of the intestine from exposure to toxic substances by tying the chemicals cause cancer in the large intestine.
Fiber on starfruit makes digestion more healthy and avoid the risk of colon cancer symptoms.
Benefits of starfruit provide vitamin C which is a prevention of the onset of cancer symptoms. Starfruit contains vitamin C in large quantities.
Vitamin C is a powerful natural antioxidant. Approximately 100 g of star fruit will give 34.7 mg or about 57% of vitamin C intake needed every day.
In general, the benefits of fruits rich in vitamin C will help the human body develop resistance to infectious agents, free radicals, and anti-inflammatory for the body.
- Rich in Antioxidants
Starfruit is rich in antioxidants like flavonoid polyphenols.
Some of these important types of flavonoids include quercetin, epicatechin, and gallic acid. Total polyphenols in this fruit reach 43 mg / 100 g.
These compounds help protect from, from the effects of free radical damage.
Enhance Enzyme Work
In addition, starfruit is a source of vitamin B complexes such as folate, riboflavin, and pyridoxine (vitamin B-6).
Taken together, this vitamin helps as a co-enzyme factor in metabolism as well as supports various synthetic functions of enzymes in the body.
- Overcoming High Blood Pressure
Carambola contains a number of minerals and electrolytes such as potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and iron.
Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure.
Thus, it will suppress the adverse effects of sodium.
Healing of hypertension is mostly done with starfruit therapy, by consuming it regularly.
Benefits of StarFruit For Beauty
Like the good content described earlier, starfruit is able to prevent and deal with various health problems.
In addition, the benefits of starfruit are also used as a beauty treatment, the following are:
Starfruit provides another good nutrient for hair.
Carambola is an excellent natural remedy for hair loss because it is a good source of antioxidants and vitamin C that can help delay the aging process.
Vitamin B Complex, very important for hair growth and helps in keeping hair strong and healthy, widely available in star fruit.
Eat star fruit or using starfruit directly on the skin of acne or oily skin as a face mask.Starfruit contains zinc which reduces the tendency of acne. It is fully recommended for people of all ages because it has antimicrobial effects.