influenza or commonly called the Flu is an infection with a virus that attacks the respiratory system caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae (the Influenza viruses). The respiratory system consists of the nose, throat, and lungs.
Influenza came suddenly, lasts for 7 to 10 days, and usually just disappear
The disease is transmitted through the air via a cough or sneeze so that it will give rise to aerosols containing the virus.
The spread of this flu virus cannot be predicted and in stop, because transmission occurs very quickly, just at the time of one to two days before onset of symptoms. When the early symptoms of flu in discover, the disease is already spreading widely and developed into an epidemic.
Signs Of Early Flu Symptoms
Early flu symptoms usually felt the usual chills, headache, muscle aches, coughs, fevers, Achy body, decreased appetite and pain in the throat.
Here are some symptoms of the disease frequently complained of influenza sufferers, among others:
A sore Throat
Coughs caused by colds can quickly spread into a sore throat and was very uncomfortable. but there are several types of flu viruses that can cause a sore throat without a cough begins. At the early stage of flu symptoms, the part of the throat you will usually feel itchy and uncomfortable.
You will probably feel nothing awkward when swallowing food or drink. A sore throat is very likely going to get worse as flu grew worse.
You can take some with drinking tea, soup, and warm water.
There is a type of flu virus that could cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
The symptoms experienced by children or adolescents than adults. Who gets worse again, you can just suffer from dehydration if the fluid is wasted due to diarrhea and vomiting was not immediately replaced.
Sudden or Excessive Fatigue
When your body suddenly felt very tired, this is worth a watch. Though fatigue is also a symptom of the common cold, a sense of tired and also more muscle pain feels when you are stricken with the flu.
If fatigue is already disrupting daily activities, it means your body could be preparing themselves to fight the flu virus.
Muscle Pain in the entire body and Chills
Muscle pain and chills are one feature that stands out from the sick. When the body feels sore and achy, you might mistakenly think of it as something else, for example, due to fatigue due to heavy weight lifting.
However, if the pain is felt throughout the body, especially on the head and feet, it could be a sign of early flu symptoms. Pain can be accompanied by a feeling of chills at the same time or a few hours afterward.
Fever is a sign the body is struggling against infectious diseases. If you experience fever associated with colds, the body temperature typically reaches 38 ° C or more.
Although fever is a common symptom in the early stages, not all sufferers experiencing flu fever. Also, you can just feel the chills but not until the fever.
The flu virus can cause a cough accompanied by nasal congestion and chest tightness. You can also experience coughing phlegm so, but it is rare to be an early sign of the flu.
If you are a person with asthma or other breathing disorders, it is advisable to consult a doctor in order to prevent possible complications. In addition, be sure to always close your mouth when a cough so that the spread of the virus can be prevented.
Early Flu Symptoms Treatment
Some ways to prevent the severity of symptoms of colds and flu, among others:
- So feel early symptoms
Start to reproduce white water or juice. “Drinking more water or juice can to avoid dehydration symptoms such as a sore throat and stuffy nose,” says William Schaffner, MD, Professor, and Chairman of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
- Gargle with salt water
To relieve an itchy throat add half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. “Salt can draw out the excess water in the tissues of the throat, reduce inflammation, and clears phlegm and relieve the irritation in the throat,” said Philip Hagen, MD, Chief Medical editor of the Mayo Clinic.
- make sure the nose is clean and not clogged
Using a nasal spray containing saline immediately after first symptoms of colds appear. The results showed that, the way to prevent the development of symptoms further. In addition, we recommend that you also take a shower with warm water.
- in the first two hours
Buy the drugs at a nearby store
Consuming a painkiller such as an acetaminophen to fight pain. “Allergy Drugs sold freely, like Zyrtec and Benadryl, can help relieve symptoms such as a runny nose and watery eyes. Allergy medicines containing decongestants, such as Claritin, Alavert D or D will help clear the sinuses, “said Mark Moyad, MD, MPH, Jenkins/Pokempner director of preventive and alternative medicine at the University of Michigan Medical Center.
- Must not consume drugs sold freely it could be honey
Honey can be helpful to relieve symptoms of colds, said Harley Rotbart, MD, Professor and Vice Chairman of Pediatrics and pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.
This can be done by taking 1 to 2 tablespoons honey directly or mixed into teas. So it should not be taking any medication that is sold freely.
During the next six hours
- More rest
“The body can fight the virus better if the body has rested enough,” said Janet O’Mahony, MD, internal medicine physician at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. To keep from sharing germs, then wash your hands regularly or use an alcohol-based disinfectant gel.
- Continue to balance the intake of fluids
Continue to drink lots of water, juice, tea, or it can be by eating chicken soup for lunch.
- Do light physical exercise
“Light physical exercise can boost the immune system,” says Dr. Sadler.
A Day Later
A healthy diet can help boost the immune system, so choose the dinner menu with meals that include protein such as lean meat, fish, or nuts, wheat germ, brown rice, and lots of vegetables rich in antioxidants. Bathing with warm water before going to bed. Then with a good quality of sleep and enough time.
If it still feels there is no progress or body condition thus deteriorated with symptoms such as fever, vomiting, or start a headache that gets worse, then we recommend that you immediately saw a doctor. Because it may indicate that you need antivirus drugs, antibiotics or other treatment. (source: www.detik.com)
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This article provides basic information about health topics. Information in this article may be used only for scientific explanation, not for self-diagnosis and cannot replace medical diagnosis.
Caution: the information in this article is not a prescription or medical advice. If you need help or want to consult with your medical treatment professional healthcare personnel.