The Republic of Uzbekistan is a country in the Central Asia region stretches 1425 kilometers from West to East and 930 kilometers from North to South.
It borders Turkey to the West, Kazakhstan to the North, and Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to the South and East,
Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world are doubly landlocked or double locked location, other than Liechtenstein.
That is, to reach the sea, its inhabitants had to pass through at least two other States.
Other uniqueness, this country is surrounded by five countries whose names all ending in “-stan”, namely: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.
History Of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan once part of the ancient Persian Empire which was later defeated by Alexander the great in the 14th century BC.
In the 8th century, nomadic tribes who lived there Turkis converted to Islam because of the invasion of Arab armies that conquered the area.
The Mongols under the leadership of Ghengis Khan took over the region from Seljuk Turkey in the 13th century.
Mongolia’s new powers could be demolished after the great revolt led by Amir Temur (Tamerlane or Timur Amir).
Amir Temur was later crowned as the unifying hero Uzbekistan. and then became part of the great empire of Tamerlane and his successors until the 16th century.
Uzbekistan has also become an important region that passed the Silk Road from Asia (China) to Europe.
In the city of Bukhara, still seen numerous caravanserais or resting places in the former caravan trails that once traversed by silk traders cross country.
The Uzbeks conquered the region in the early 16th century and United with the residents in the area.
In the 19th century, Imperial Russia began to invade the territory of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan any flooded by immigrants from Russia.
In 1920, the territory of Central Asia is practically controlled by Russia, and after the Bolshevik revolution in Russia,
Uzbekistan officially became part of the Soviet Union with the name of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic on 27 October 1924.
The Uzbek Republic territory in 1924 and became Uzbekistan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1925.
New on 31 August 1991, Uzbekistan officially separated from the Soviet Union, and a day after,
1 September, established as the independence day of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
For almost 70 years to be part of the Soviet Union, the Communist-leaning, Uzbekistan is the country covered.
After the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, in mid-2000-an tourism of this country began opening up to the outside world.
There are four famous cities in Uzbekistan, that Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva.
All of it is the old town which is already aged hundreds or even thousands of years, and each store the traces of past civilizations are diverse
The City Of Tashkent
The city of Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan. The city is already more than 2000 years. The name of the Tashkent changed from time to time.
It was originally named Chach, Shash, Binkent, and all names associated with the term “Tash” (stone)
The word “Tash” used as the name of the city of Tashkent (meaning “stone village”).
Tashkent was a stronghold of yore who beat back the attacks of nomadic tribes.
Tashkent also remains an important international transport Center. It is an important part of a trade between East and West.
Now the city of Tashkent is known as one of the Center for science and culture of the world.
There is no Academic Opera and Ballet Theater that is truly unique in its architecture and interior design.
Theatrical field with a fountain in the middle of the theater became a place of leisure that appeals to connoisseurs of the city of Tashkent and other visitors.
The city of Tashkent is one of the few cities in the world where you can watch the evening with a bright star in the sky due to low gas content.
The City Of Samarkand.
Samarkand (together with Rome) is one of the oldest cities in the world has this city was about 2750 years and is the capital of the Silk Road.
The town became famous in the history of the to-Be past, as it was the place for the spread of Islam in particular to the countries of Central Asia.
Tracing its history, Samarkand was the capital of the Transoxania during the five centuries since the time of Saman to Eastern dynasty.
Samarkand is famous as ‘ City Paradise ‘ because of the cool climate. Currently, the most important city of Samarkand Uzbekistan in the fields of agriculture, trade, and industry.
The City Of Bukhara
Bukhara is one of the pearls of the Silk Road is great. In ancient times the more than 60 caravans are here for trade from India, China, Iran, and other countries.
Bukhara is one of the lands across the river. What is a river? The long river that irrigates the lands of Central Asia.
Greece people call it the Oxus River. The Arabs knew him by the name Jeyhun. The Persian poet adores him with Mulyan.
Some are named by the Amu Darya, Amu, Panj, and Vaksh.
Bukhara is a city located in Central Asia. An ancient city which is part of the Republic of Uzbekistan now.
in its heyday, the city became one of the country’s economy Center formerly the Soviet Union was. He has also become a place of learning, cultural, and religious studies.
Extensive Bukhara is 32% of the total area of Uzbekistan. And a population density of 8.2% to represent the country.
The City Of Khiva
Khiva is one of the few cities in the world with its historic buildings survives to this day.
The monumental architecture of Khiva from relics of the late 18th century to mid 19th century formed a passionate city for three generations until now.
the town in Uzbekistan it is a world heritage site that is supplied with the remains of palaces, mosques, and the triumph that had traversed the Silk Road trade route.
This town is also a lot of great characters born and studied there.
the city of Khiva as a milestone in the birth of one of the branches of mathematics, namely algebraic.
With surrounded by desert Kyzylkum and the Karakum, it became the last stop for traders headed for Iran.
Not only are reflected in history, modern buildings there really stand harmoniously, creating urban composition featuring Islamic architecture.
The Traditions Of The Societies
The people of Uzbekistan have great respect for older people and never insulted and even snapped his parents.
When the age grows older, parents live with her youngest.
All of his children will get married and then moved in with his new home prepared by his parents.
How to greet or give greetings to women of Uzbekistan is to bend by hand is placed on the chest.
According to the ancient traditions of Uzbekistan, family members will hold a trip should take a small piece of bread of Uzbekistan.
The rest of the bread is then buried or hidden to people who traveled back home.
Famous people of Uzbekistan with the song called Koshuk, that is the song with the melody of a small diapason restaurant family, which includes one or two poetic texts.
The days of character melody gives cohesiveness within days of that entertaining. “Hungry” is her dialogue.
On several occasions, “Hungry” was used in the wedding song, “Ulan” (shown in the form of a dialogue with women).
Route Of The Silk Road